Title

Chaos theory: Analogical reasoning in biomedical research.

SelectedWorks Author Profiles:

Hugh LaFollette

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

1994

Date Issued

January 1994

Date Available

July 2014

ISSN

0046-8541

Abstract

In this article we discuss two divergent accounts of non-human animals as analog models of human biomedical phenomena. Using a classical account of analogical reasoning, toxicologists and teratologists claim that if the model and subject modeled are substantially similar, then test results in non-human animals are likely applicable to humans . However, the same toxicologists report that different species often react very differently to the same chemical stimuli. The best way to understand their findings is to abandon the classical view of analogical - i.e., linear - reasoning, and replace it with a version informed by chaos theory. We briefly outline the current understanding of chaos, and trace its implications for toxicology and teratology.

Comments

Citation only. Full-text article is available through licensed access provided by the publisher. Published in Idealistic Studies, 24(3), 241-254. doi: 10.5840/idstudies199424317.

Language

en_US

Publisher

Philosophy Documentation Center

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

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