Title

Comparability of earnings in Scandinavian countries: The impact of mandatory IFRS adoption and stock exchange consolidations.

SelectedWorks Author Profiles:

Maria T. Cabán-García

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

2013

Date Issued

January 2013

Date Available

June 2013

ISSN

1542-6297

Abstract

This study examines the impact on the comparability of earnings of two important events that occurred in 2005 in the Scandinavian region: the European Union-mandated adoption of International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) and the mergers between the three national exchanges of Denmark, Finland, and Sweden. Our tests follow two approaches. The first approach relies on mean-centered earnings/price multiples following Land and Lang (2002) to determine if the multiples converge in the 2005-2008 period. Our results show that all countries except Finland experienced a lower mean-centered earnings/price ratio in the 2005-2008 period. Additionally, in the 2005-2008 period, the mean-centered earnings/price ratio in Norway deviates from the region's mean more than it deviates from the mean in Finland, Denmark, and Sweden, even after controlling for other firm and country factors. Our second approach uses a firm-year comparability measure (De Franco et al. 2011) calculated during the 2001-2004 and 2005-2008 periods to assess whether comparability increases during the 2005-2008 period. Since the two events in our study are contemporaneous, we use Norway as a benchmark to separate the effect of IFRS from that of harmonized regulation after the merger. The results generally show that comparability is significantly higher during the 2005-2008 period in all countries. Our multivariate tests also confirm that comparability increases (although marginally) for all OMX Nordic Exchange countries, relative to Norway, from the 2001-2004 to the 2005-2008 period.

Comments

Abstract only. Full-text article is available through licensed access provided by the publisher. Published in Journal of International Accounting Research, 12 (1), 55-76. DOI: 10.2308/jiar-50383. Members of the USF System may access the full-text of the article through the authenticated link provided.

Language

en_US

Publisher

American Accounting Association

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.