Challenges to the conceptualization and measurement of religiosity and spirituality in mental health research.
Investigating religiosity and spirituality may help to further elucidate how individuals' worldviews influence their attitudes, behavior, and overall well-being. However, inconsistencies in how these constructs are conceptualized and measured may undercut the potential value of religiosity and spirituality research. Results from a survey of undergraduate students suggest that laypeople define spirituality as independent from social influence and that few people associate religiosity with negative terms. A content analysis of spirituality measures indicates that spirituality measures contain items that do not directly measure the strength of spirituality. Implications and suggestions for future research are discussed.
Baumsteiger, R. & Chenneville, T. (2015). Challenges to the conceptualization and measurement of religiosity and spirituality in mental health research. Journal of Religion & Health, 54(6), 2344-2354. doi: 10.1007/s10943-015-0008-7
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