Major Professors: Christopher F. Meindl, Ph.D.
Ryan P. Moyer, Ph.D.
Kara R. Radabaugh, Ph.D.
James E. Ivey, Ph.D.
University of South Florida St. Petersburg
June 29, 2018
Coastal wetlands are one of the world's most productive and valuable ecosystems. Mangrove forests, salt marshes, and salt barrens are the dominant coastal wetlands in the Tampa Bay estuary. These "blue carbon" sinks absorb carbon dioxide and store organic carbon (OC) in their vegetation and underlying sediments, allowing them to partially mitigate climate change. However, the global areal extent of these ecosystems has declined by 25-50%, so restoring critical coastal wetland habitats has become imperative. Created coastal wetlands in the Tampa Bay area are first planted with salt marsh vegetation, but often transition into mangrove forests, a process known as mangrove encroachment. This study investigated the rates of mangrove encroachment and hypothesized that middle-aged (6- to 13-year-old) restoration sites would experience the fastest rate of mangrove encroachment. The rate of encroachment was determined through remote imagery, while biomass calculations via allometry, point-center-quarter (PCQ) analysis, and percent cover estimations provided supplemental ground-truthing. The average encroachment rate among all sites was 0.62 m y·', but no difference was found between the encroachment rate at old (14- to 27-year-old) and middle-aged restoration sites, and no trees were observed at young sites ( < 5 years old). The second aim of this study was to calculate a total carbon stock for each site. It was hypothesized that old restoration sites would store the most OC. This hypothesis was investigated by calculating carbon stocks with the use of allometric calculations, PCQ analysis, and soil
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Dontis, Emma E., "Mangrove Encroachment into Ecologically Restored Salt Marshes: Quantifying Vegetative and Soil Carbon in Tampa Bay, Florida" (2018). USFSP Master's Theses (Graduate). 161.